Authors can submit their research articles to editor@ijsea.com  
Untitled Document

Confernces

IJSEA is index with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IJSEA Archive (Volume 7, Issue 7)

International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications (IJSEA)  (Volume 7, Issue 7 July 2018)

Desalination and Characterization of Salty Soils from Upper Myanmar

Win Ei Ei Tun, Ei Mon Khin , Si Si Win





 PDF 



Keywords: salty soils, Electrical Conductivity, Exchangeable Sodium Percentage, Randomized Complete Block Design

Abstract References BibText


        A preliminary study is made to manage the reclamation of salt-affected soil sample from Oak Twin Village, Nahtogyi Township, Mandalay Division in Upper Myanmar. The three layers (0-0.5′, 0.5-1′, 1-1.5′) of salty soil samples are collected after the end of rainfall season (October) and stored with moisture tightness plastic bags. Characterization and classification of soil types are done before the soil remediation. From observing the analyzed data, the soil is classified as saline-alkaline type. The initial pH values for the three layers are found to be 10.6, 10.4 and 10.3 respectively. The original properties of soil sample are also examined in this experiment and the second layer (0.5' -1.0') is the highest value, 9.478 dS/m in the salinity profile ECe (Electrical Conductivity). The amelioration measures for saline-alkaline are required two approaches, the replacement of exchangeable sodium by calcium from gypsum treatments and removal of displaced sodium by leaching. The experimental design is set up as Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications using 16 flower-pots is done with the three layers soil. The results showed that ESP (Exchangeable Sodium Percentage), ECe, pH values of 3 layers are decreased to a certain level (ie. salinity is reduced) after 4 weeks intervals. Reduction efficiency for the conditioned soil of the surface soil layer in this work, reveals that 12.03% for soil pH, 68.59% for ECe and 60.29 % for ESP. This method is economically feasible for the soil management. Rice plant growth is tested on the gypsum treated soil and it can be seen that the germination is quite well, whereas no germination is occurred in salt-affected soils. From these results it can be drawn that salinity effects on rice crops of growth and yield in this selected area is negligible after using with this approach.


[1] FAO. 2000. Land Resource Potential and Constraints at Regional and Country Levels, World Soil Resources Reports 90. Rome, Italy: FAO, Land and Water Development Division.
[2] Goodie, A.S. 1990. Soil Salinity Causes and Controls. Techniques for Desert Reclamation. England, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd; pp 110-111.
[3] Anon. 2009. Soil Salinity Control, Wikipedia.
[4] Rachel, B. 2008. Guidelines for the Application of Recycled Gypsum as a Soil Amendment in Western and Central Montana Agricultural Soils, Missoula, MT.
[5] Abu-Zreig, M.M., Abe, Y., and Isoda, H. 2006. “Study of Salt Removal with Evaporation Drainage Method”, Canadian Biosystems Engineering.
[6] Anon. 2010. Soil Salinity,
[7] Dobermann, A and Fairhurst, T. 2000. Rice: Nutrient Disorders & Nutrient Management, Handbook series. Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI), Potash & Phosphate Institute of Canada (PPIC) and International Rice Research Institute. 191 p.
[8] Abrol, I.P. 1988. Salt-Affected Soil and their Management, Rome.
[9] Blaylock, A.D. 1994. Soil Salinity. Salt Tolerance and Growth Potential of Horticultural and Landscape Plants.
[10] Win Thein, Mg 2006. Myanma Salt and Salt Products, Ministry of Mines.
[11] Irrigated Crop Management Service ( ICMS ). August 2007. Monitoring Soil Salinity Irrigated Horticulture, South Australia.
[12] Ayers, R.S. and Westcot, D.W. 1976. Water Quality for Agriculture, Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29, FAO, Rome.
[13] Cardon, G.E., Davis, J.G., Bauder, T.A. and Waskom, R.M. 5/2007. Managing Saline Soils.
[14] Anon. 2010. Alkali Soils,
[15] Ayers, R.S. and Westcot D.W. 1985. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, Water Quality for Agriculture, Rome.
[16] EN Omami. 2005. Response of Amaranth to Salinity Stress.
[17] Anon. 2001.Agdex 518-17.
[18] Edward Winston etal. 2005, Arabica Coffee Manual for Myanmar.
[19] Barker, A.V., Pilbeam D. J. 2010. Plant Nutrition,
[20] Roy, R.N., Finck, A., Blair, G.J., Tandon, H.L.S. 2006. Plant Nutrition for Food Security, FAO, Rome.
[21] Seelig, B.D. May 2000, Salinity and Sodicity in North Dakota Soils .
[22] Wittaya Thammarith, DEC, 2001, Remediation of Salt-Contaminated Soil from an Abandoned Shrimp Farm, Regina, Saskatchewan.
[23] Deena Bahner, Student On-Line Journal, Vol.5, No.3, Fall 1999, Department of Horticultural Science, University of Minnesota, Reclamation of Salinized Soils In Arid Regions , St. Paul, MN.
[24] Oad, F.C., Samo, M.A., Soomro, A., Oad, D.L., Oad, N.L., and Siyal, A.G. Pakistan Journal of Applied Science, 2002, Amelioration of Salt Affected Soils
[25] Anon. 2010. Soil Salinity Control,
[26] Spectrum Analytic. 2007. Gypsum, Washington Court House.
[27] Richards, L.A. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils, Washington 25,D.C.
[28] Anon. 2010. Soil conditioner,
[29] Arnold Finck and Kiel. 1976. Pflanzenernährung in Stichworten.
[30] Paul Vossen, University of California, Cooperative Extension,2604 Ventura Ave, Santa Rosa, CA 95403.
[31] Anon. 2004. University of Minnesota Extension Service, BU-01731.
[32] Rhoades, J. D. etal. 1999. Soil Salinity Assessment, Rome.
[33] FAO Field Guide, 20 Things to know about the Impact of Salt Water on Agricultural Land in Aceh Province, March 2005.
[34] Anon. 2009. Monitoring Soil Salinity for Irrigated Horticulture ( Fact sheets ), South Australia.
[35] Turner, R.C. etal. 2010. Cation Exchange Capacity,
[36] UNSW. 2007. Soil Properties, Australia.
[37] Edaphos. 1999. Dynamics of a Natural Soil System, Las Vegas, Nevada U.S.A.


@article{Tun07071001,
title = "Desalination and Characterization of Salty Soils from Upper Myanmar ",
journal = "International Journal of Science and Engineering Applications (IJSEA)",
volume = "7",
number = "7",
pages = "115 - 124 ",
year = "2018",
author = " Win Ei Ei Tun, Ei Mon Khin , Si Si Win ",
}